Category: Psychology | Type: Essay | Style: APA | Level: Master | Pages: 6
Working Memory (WM) is a very newly adopted phenomenon of short-term memory (STM), a significant theoretical framework within cognitive psychology. This refers to the structural outlines and procedures used for momentarily storing and manipulating of data. In 1974, Baddeley and Hitch proposed multi-component model of working memory, in which they have described that two slave systems are accountable for short-term maintenance of information, one contributes for verbal and acoustic information the phonological loop and the another one contributes to visual equivalent the visuospatial sketchpad, and both are reliant on a third attentively-restricted control system the central executive, ensuring the possibility of conducting more than one task at a given time by virtue of coordination of cognitive processes through the suppression of irrelevant information as well as improper actions. In 2000, Baddeley added a new component to the existing model, known as the episodic buffer, representing the integration of phonological, visual and spatial information in addition to semantic information, musical information, particularly not covered by the traditional slave systems.
... on the information processing model of Whiting, Welford, and Schmidt. The contribution of cognitive psychology to enhancing the players' understanding and performance levels, the application of different theoretical approaches to a variety of sporting situations and the use of theory to enhance individual and team performance, specifically in football, will be explored. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY & PERFORMANCE LEVEL Imagine a quarterback who spent most of his non-playing hours doing only his physical exercises and routines, believing that his strength and agility would be more than enough to win the match. Come play time, he found himself in a situation where he needed to decide within seconds ... View details
... . Each individual maintains a variety of potential stressful stimuli, including life changes, work-related pressure or even self-induced stress brought on by psychological irrationality in which the individual maintains a self-defeating attitude towards their self value. There are any number of situations in which a person might feel overwhelmed by life situations, however, the response to the stress (whether catastrophic or perceived) varies in intensity based on each individual's ability to cope with the stressors. It is often the cognitive approach to coping with stress that makes the distinct difference between a healthy or a rather unhealthy stress response. Almost immediately after ... View details
... of this change is to facilitate the process of adjusting to the circumstances that surround us: "Learning is a process whereby individual animals, human and others, are able to acquire knowledge or skills that equip them to cope better with the environment" (Littleton, Toates, & Braisby, 2002: 167). Representatives of behaviourism, cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis, and other perspectives demonstrate variety of views regarding the nature of learning. Learning as conditioning, learning as the formation and alteration of symbolic structures, learning as the adjustment of weights in a neural net - these are only some of them. The views of learning adopted by representatives of the most ... View details